- is a swelling of one of the Meibomian glands. The glands are inside of the eyelid, they produce special secretion. This secretion plays important role: it is a lipid component of lacrymal film and it’s function is to lubricate eyelids. The secretion is constant and it is excreted through the opened excretion ducts on the edge of the eyelid, a bit lower than the growth line of eyelashes. If any infection gets to this point the duct will be blocked. The liquid will be accumulated behind the eyelid resulting in a dense spherical lesion from 2-3 to 7-8 mm.
Diagnostic of chalazion is relative easy. It supposes presence of a voluminous lesion of dense elastic structure on the patient’s eyelid without any signs of active inflammation during 1-2 weeks or longer. Although the approach to diagnostics is easy you should avoid self-medication. Proper treatment has to be planned by ophthalmologist.
A single chalazion can be a result of an infection that occurs incidentally because of dirty hands or contact with household items. But if chalazion occurs often and shows recurrence it can be a sign of an internal disease in your organism. It can be intestinal disease, anemia or other conditions leading to suppression of the immune system. Especially in such cases you should contact pediatric doctor, gastroenterologist and immunologist.
In case of stye, which is also an inflammation of Meibomian gland, the disease is conducted by active redness, swelling, gradual shaping of red purulent bump with its later rupture and resolve of the process. Chalazion inflammation is “cold”, it means that the process will resolve by itself, the chalazion lesion is surrounded by a capsule that is gradually densified and makes it impossible to deliver medication to itself.
Use anti-bacterial drops and ointments on early stages. In case of therapeutic indications doctor can prescribe stupes, anti-inflammatory medication and corticosteroids. Shall the process last for more than 2-3 weeks when a dense capsule is already shaped, as a rule, conservative approaches to treatment are regarded as ineffective and there are only two effective types of treatment left:
- Injection of cosrticosteroids into the chalazion. Such injections induce its resorption.
- Surgical treatment. As a rule, incision in this case is made from the side of the eyelid to avoid any cicatrix or scars.